SULFIDES

 

The sulfide minerals contain one or more sulfide anions (S-2).  The sulfides are usually considered together with the arsenide minerals, the sulfarsenide minerals, and the telluride minerals.  Many sulfides are economically significant, as they occur commonly in ores.  The metals that combine with S-2 are mainly Fe, Cu, Ni, Ag, etc.  Most sulfides have a metallic luster, are moderately soft, and are noticeably heavy for their size.  These minerals will not form in the presence of free oxygen.  Under an oxygen-rich atmosphere, sulfide minerals tend to chemically weather to various oxide and hydroxide minerals.

 

  Acanthite (Ag2S)

 

  Chalcocite (Cu2S)

 

  Digenite (Cu9S5)

 

  Bornite (Cu5FeS4)

 

  Galena (PbS)

 

  Sphalerite (ZnS)

 

  Chalcopyrite (CuFeS2)

 

  Cinnabar (HgS)

 

  Nickeline (NiAs)

 

  Millerite (NiS)

 

  Covellite (CuS)

 

  Pyrrhotite (Fe1-xS)

 

  Pentlandite (Ni,Fe)9S8)

 

  Realgar (AsS) & Orpiment (As2S3)

 

  Stibnite (Sb2S3)

 

  Bismuthinite (Bi2S3)

 

  Enargite (Cu3AsS4)

 

  Pyrite (FeS2)

 

  Marcasite (FeS2)

 

  Arsenopyrite (FeAsS)

 

  Cobaltite ((Co,Fe)AsS)

 

  Molybdenite (MoS2)

 

  Skutterudite ((Co,Ni)As3)

 

  Sperrylite (PtAs2)

 

  Calaverite (AuTe2) & Sylvanite ((Au,Ag)2Te4)

 


 

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