SCIENCE  AND  PSEUDOSCIENCE

 

SCIENCE

Science is the study of all natural objects, processes, and phenomena of the Universe.  It is the # 1 best approach and method for learning about the nature of reality.  Science is based on making objective interpretations of all available facts and observations from nature.  It is NOT based on beliefs - never has been, never will be, whether you like it or not.  Scientific ideas have to be falsifiable, or testable.  Any concept or idea that cannot be potentially tested to verify whether it’s right or wrong or partially right or partially wrong is NOT part of science.  One of the goals of science is to understand processes or phenomena so well that one can make successful predictions (in experimental science) or postdictions (in historical science).

 

In doing science, many often speak of “The” Scientific Method.  This term implies that there is only one approach to doing science, as if scientists are following a recipe in a cookbook.  This is far from the reality of the situation.  There are many specific ways of doing science.  How a particle physicist does science is different from how an archaeologist does science, which is different from how a chemist or a planetary geologist or a genetic engineer does science.  However, all sciences attempt to objectively explain various natural objects, processes, and phenomena by gathering information, making observations, formulating hypotheses, testing those hypotheses, making objective interpretations, and formulating theories.

 

Two key terms in science are “hypothesis” and “theory”.  Misunderstanding and misuse of these two terms is widespread in the general public and, sadly, moderately widespread among scientists.  For example, I often hear or read the phrase “competing theories” or “several theories” in reference to one set of concepts.  There's NO SUCH THING AS COMPETING THEORIES.

 

Hypothesis - a rough idea or educated guess that explains how or why something works the way it does.

 

Theory - a rigorously tested hypothesis, or set of hypotheses, that successfully and consistently explains how or why something works the way it does.

 

There can be competing hypotheses.  There is no such thing as competing theories, by definition.  Scientists and nonscientists need to use these terms with care.

 

Sadly, considerable ignorance about science exists in modern society.  This has resulted in many claims about the nature of science that range from slightly wrong to ridiculously wrong to enragingly-offensively wrong (Example: In 2008, Ben Stein said during a televised interview “Science leads to killing people.”).

 

My favorite quotes about science:

1) “It’s a very, very sad commentary on the values in our culture when shooting a ball into a basket is more laudable, more praiseworthy, more admirable, and more rewarded than teasing out some fundamental truth about the natural world or finding a cure for AIDS or cancer.” (2009, Carolyn Porco - the real-life scientist behind the heroine of the movie Contact)

 

2) “Science is interesting, and if you don’t agree, you can f*ck off.” (Alun Anderson, editor of New Scientist magazine)

 

3) “Science will win because it works.” (2010, Stephen Hawking)

 

4) “All our science, measured against reality, is primitive and childlike - and yet it is the most precious thing we have.” (1951, Albert Einstein)

 

5) “Science is the poetry of reality.” (2007, Richard Dawkins)

 

6) “The good thing about science is that it’s true whether or not you believe in it.” (2011, Neil DeGrasse Tyson)

 


 

SCIENCE  AND  PSEUDOSCIENCE

 

PSEUDOSCIENCE

Because of society’s widespread misunderstanding of science (mostly the result of intellectual apathy, educational laziness, the frequently-negative Hollywood depictions of science & scientists, and the bigoted anti-science agenda of liberal relativism), pseudoscience and pseudoscientific ideas and pseudoscientists are everywhere.

 

Pseudoscience includes ideas that are not testable or ideas that have been already tested and shown to be wrong - it's as simple as that.  There are many synonyms and near-synonyms of the term “pseudoscience” that include: fringe science, junk science, trash science, voodoo science, bad science, pathological science, cargo cult science, fraudulent science, alternative science, weird science, crackpot science, quack science, parascience, bogus science, malignant science, anti-science, non-science, and nonsense.

 

So, let’s be specific - what ideas and concepts out there are pseudoscience & nonsense?  (As you read through this list, keep in mind that I really like watching  X-Files.)

 

Graphology

Psychics/Mediums

Homeopathy/Water Memory

Flat Earthism

Much of UFOlogy

Geocentrism

Much of Cryptozoology

Young-Earth Creationism

Intelligent Design Creationism

Dowsing

Climate Change Denial

Phrenology

Astrology & Horoscopes

Biorhythms

Reincarnation/Past Lives

Moon Landing Denial

Magnet Therapy

Crystal Healing

Parapsychology

Noah’s Flood Geology

Cold Fusion

Precognition

Extrasensory Perception (ESP)

Pyramidology/Pyramid Power

California Breaking Off Into the Ocean

Smoking Health Risks Denial

Abiogenic Origin of Petroleum

Chi Energy

Acupuncture

Chakras

Mozart Effect

Perpetual Motion Machines

Dragons/Fairies/Gnomes

Ghosts/Apparitions/Poltergeists

Witchcraft/Wizardry

Absolute Relativism

Year 2000 Hoax (“Y2K”)

Velikovsky

Nostradamus

Bible Code

Repressed Memories

Ancient Astronauts

Faith Healing

Cryonics

Historical Revisionism

Vaccine/Autism Connection

Out-of-Body Experiences

Near-Death Experiences

Polygraphs (Lie Detectors)

Remote Viewing

Large Particle Collider/Black Hole Catastrophe Predictions

Alchemy

Hypnotherapy

Freudian Psychology

2012 End-of-the-World Predictions

Chiropractics

Non-Human Origin of Crop Circles

 


 

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